Welcome!

XML Authors: Pat Romanski, Carmen Gonzalez, Roger Strukhoff, Lori MacVittie, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: Microservices Journal, XML, Virtualization, Cloud Expo, GovIT

Microservices Journal: Blog Feed Post

StreetCred: Big Data Finds Fugitives

StreetCred Software is a Big Data solution designed by two Texas police officers

By

Traffic citations are critical for funding police departments, courts, and municipalities. Unpaid citations or missed court appearances result in warrants and additional fees, but finding or arresting fugitives and collecting unpaid fines is difficult as well as time and manpower intensive. As a result, the process often stops there. In Texas alone, there is almost $1 billion in outstanding warrants, with $300 million in Houston and $100 million in Dallas.

StreetCred Software is a Big Data solution designed by two Texas police officers, one a technology industry veteran who  later joined the force to cut down on that backlog by collecting and analyzing all available information to optimize and manage the entire warrant lifecycle. When tested over a year within a Texas police department, StreetCred helped warrant officers increase their successful contacts by more than threefold while decreasing costs per contact by nearly three quarters.

A good misdemeanor warrant officer will spend days planning routes, printing maps and photos, checking addresses, doing paperwork, and other research and preparation before he or she can actually go out and make contacts and arrests. As a result, in smaller agencies, the warrant officer will typically only spend one to two days per week in the field, during which he or she can expect to make five to seven good contacts where they speak with or confirm the address of a. Aside from a lack of basic route planning, this rate is hampered by false, misleading, or simply incorrect information as well as attempts to avoid law enforcement by fugitives. To determine which warrants are worthwhile and which are misleading, or which home or work address to check, a veteran warrant officer will consider dozens of small factors such as, available information on the fugitive’s employment, the given neighborhood, and the type of violation or crime committed. This undocumented, manual, and repetitive  process helps officers determine which warrants to pursue and how. Failures in this complex and subtle process mean missed contacts and missed opportunities.

StreetCred Software uses Big Data analysis techniques to automate these procedures and hunches. The software aggregates court, police, and law enforcement database records together with open source and other information. It alerts officers of potentially dangerous fugitives by correlating misdemeanor data with felony and violent history data from sources traditionally unavailable to warrant officers.

It compiles those records, storing them on server in the agency’s data room, and accessed by a secure connection from the standard laptop in the cruiser, so that he or she doesn’t need to assemble and carry around several boxes of papers, and analyzes that data, automating the conclusions and hunches of a good warrant officer.

StreetCred can do that because it’s built for cops by cops, and its c0-creator, David Henderson, has run a warrant department for a Texas agency, pursuing misdemeanor and felony fugitives. In his 15 years in law enforcement, David has tracked and arrested over 600 violent felony criminals including a child murderer featured on the television show America’s Most Wanted, and has worked that experience, as well as the insight of his colleagues, into StreetCred’s algorithms.

Using all of the available information, StreetCred scores the thousands or tens of thousands of warrants that it works with on a scale of 1 to 100, with the highest scores being the ones most likely to result in an easy contact or arrest. This helps the agency prioritize their warrants and not waste time with warrants that are no longer relevant, have insufficient or false information, or are otherwise unlikely to yield results. Such warrants may also be important and would then be pursued by the police department, possibly with the help of StreetCred, but are not a good choice for quickly clearing the backlog or collecting revenue. StreetCred also plots warrants on a map with their scores and whether the address is home or work to help with route optimization. Once contact has been made, StreetCred uses the information it gathers to help fill out the paperwork associated with the contact, freeing up more time. As a result, when StreetCred was implemented with a Texas law enforcement agency, it took the average number of contacts per day from 5 to 22 during the first year.

StreetCred’s interface also simplifies making contacts. All of the relevant data on a fugitive can easily be accessed through the touch-screen laptop in the officer’s cruiser, which means that it is intuitive and can be used quickly on a touch screen. Relevant information is prominently displayed in such a way that officers can reference it while driving without getting distracted, information important for officer safety such as the picture of the fugitive stays on screen, and all the buttons are large for easy access, with no information more than one click away. Agencies can also add their own information, such as overlaying crime hot spots or sex offenders on to the fugitive map.

StreetCred has been tested for a year in a small city near Dallas where it achieved impressive results. It reduced the cost-per-contact by 68%  by lowering required research time, printing costs, and vehicle operations costs, and more than doubled the clearance rate per hour worked of misdemeanor warrants.

Fugitive hunting software can be worrying due to both privacy and information security concerns, but StreetCred Software takes both into account. The algorithms never factor in race or gender when scoring warrants, and the software helps keep track of contacts and arrests to prevent abuses.  StreetCred is also less concerned with finding good warrants than throwing out bad ones. Numerous features are built in to ensure that sensitive information isn’t leaked such as extensive physical and information security measures in the infrastructure, making sure that no information leaves StreetCred without encryption, and special views on the mobile versions of the software to prevent private information from being seen by onlookers when an officer is walking around or asking neighbors if they’ve seen the person in their picture.

As with all innovative solutions, however, StreetCred raises several questions and concerns that will need to be addressed with time and wider deployment. The most obvious is that some of its initial success may simply be a result of plucking the lowest hanging fruit, the warrants just waiting to be collected. Once officers begin to work through the backlog, the more challenging warrants will remain, which may lower the success rate. Still, given current backlogs, this would be a good problem to have. Another concern is the focus on misdemeanor warrants. While this approach makes sense given tight budgets, some of these features would be valuable for felony warrants as well and could do serious good there. Fortunately, StreetCred Software Inc. intends to launch its felony warrant solution in a few months.

StreetCred is a great example of how Big Data can be leveraged for public safety. As with predictive policing, StreetCred helps officers do more and better with less time and money, which is critical now with shrinking departments and budgets. While StreetCred already handles an otherwise overwhelming amount of information, it’s working to make the data even bigger by enabling national cooperation and information sharing among law enforcement agencies. As StreetCred, which is currently deployed at a handful of agencies, continues its launch, we can look forward to more creative and necessary applications of Big Data for law enforcement, government, and public safety.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Bob Gourley

Bob Gourley, former CTO of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), is Founder and CTO of Crucial Point LLC, a technology research and advisory firm providing fact based technology reviews in support of venture capital, private equity and emerging technology firms. He has extensive industry experience in intelligence and security and was awarded an intelligence community meritorious achievement award by AFCEA in 2008, and has also been recognized as an Infoworld Top 25 CTO and as one of the most fascinating communicators in Government IT by GovFresh.

@ThingsExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that AIC, a leading provider of OEM/ODM server and storage solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. AIC is a leading provider of both standard OTS, off-the-shelf, and OEM/ODM server and storage solutions. With expert in-house design capabilities, validation, manufacturing and production, AIC's broad selection of products are highly flexible and are configurable to any form factor or custom configuration. AIC leads the industry with nearly 20 years of ...
We heard for many years how developing nations would be able to develop mobile-phone networks quickly, perhaps even leapfrog developed nations, because their lack of traditional, wired networks would not inhibit them from deploying the new technology. Now there is talk of history repeating itself with the Industrial Internet--a key aspect of the emerging Internet of Things. For example, Guo Ping, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Chinese electronics giant Huawei, said in a recent report from the World Economic Forum, "The Industrial Internet will afford emerging markets a unique opportunity ...
DevOps Summit 2015 New York, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that it is now accepting Keynote Proposals. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long development cycles that produce software that is obsolete at launch. DevOps may be disruptive, but it is essential.
Avnet, Inc. has announced that it ranked No. 4 on the InformationWeek Elite 100 – a list of the top business technology innovators in the U.S. Avnet was recognized for the development of an innovative cloud-based training system that serves as the foundation for Avnet Academy – the company’s education and training organization focused on technical training around top IT vendor technologies. The development of this system allowed Avnet to quickly expand its IT-related training capabilities around the world, while creating a new service that Avnet and its IT solution providers can offer to their...
SYS-CON Events announced today that B2Cloud, a provider of enterprise resource planning software, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. B2cloud develops the software you need. They have the ideal tools to help you work with your clients. B2Cloud’s main solutions include AGIS – ERP, CLOHC, AGIS – Invoice, and IZUM
The Internet of Things Maturity Model (IoTMM) is a qualitative method to gauge the growth and increasing impact of IoT capabilities in an IT environment from both a business and technology perspective. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan will first scan the IoT landscape and investigate the major challenges and barriers. The key areas of consideration are identified to get started with IoT journey. He will then pinpoint the need of a tool for effective IoT adoption and implementation, which leads to IoTMM in which five maturity levels are defined: Advanced, Dynamic, Optimized, Primitive,...
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal an...
There is no doubt that Big Data is here and getting bigger every day. Building a Big Data infrastructure today is no easy task. There are an enormous number of choices for database engines and technologies. To make things even more challenging, requirements are getting more sophisticated, and the standard paradigm of supporting historical analytics queries is often just one facet of what is needed. As Big Data growth continues, organizations are demanding real-time access to data, allowing immediate and actionable interpretation of events as they happen. Another aspect concerns how to deliver ...
Enterprise IoT is an exciting and chaotic space with a lot of potential to transform how the enterprise resources are managed. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Hari Srinivasan, Sr Product Manager at Cisco, will describe the challenges in enabling mass adoption of IoT, and share perspectives and insights on architectures/standards/protocols that are necessary to build a healthy ecosystem and lay the foundation to for a wide variety of exciting IoT use cases in the years to come.
The world's leading Cloud event, Cloud Expo has launched Microservices Journal on the SYS-CON.com portal, featuring over 19,000 original articles, news stories, features, and blog entries. DevOps Journal is focused on this critical enterprise IT topic in the world of cloud computing. Microservices Journal offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. Follow new article posts on Twitter at @MicroservicesE
Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York June 9-11 will find fresh new content in a new track called PaaS | Containers & Microservices Containers are not being considered for the first time by the cloud community, but a current era of re-consideration has pushed them to the top of the cloud agenda. With the launch of Docker's initial release in March of 2013, interest was revved up several notches. Then late last...
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, discussed how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
So I guess we’ve officially entered a new era of lean and mean. I say this with the announcement of Ubuntu Snappy Core, “designed for lightweight cloud container hosts running Docker and for smart devices,” according to Canonical. “Snappy Ubuntu Core is the smallest Ubuntu available, designed for security and efficiency in devices or on the cloud.” This first version of Snappy Ubuntu Core features secure app containment and Docker 1.6 (1.5 in main release), is available on public clouds, and for ARM and x86 devices on several IoT boards. It’s a Trend! This announcement comes just as...
The security devil is always in the details of the attack: the ones you've endured, the ones you prepare yourself to fend off, and the ones that, you fear, will catch you completely unaware and defenseless. The Internet of Things (IoT) is nothing if not an endless proliferation of details. It's the vision of a world in which continuous Internet connectivity and addressability is embedded into a growing range of human artifacts, into the natural world, and even into our smartphones, appliances, and physical persons. In the IoT vision, every new "thing" - sensor, actuator, data source, data con...
It's time to put the "Thing" back in IoT. Whether it’s drones, robots, self-driving cars, ... There are multiple incredible examples of the power of IoT nowadays that are shadowed by announcements of yet another twist on statistics, databases, .... Sorry, I meant, Big Data(TM), tiered storage(TM), complex systems(TM), smart nations(TM), .... In his session at WebRTC Summit, Dr Alex Gouaillard, CTO and Co-Founder of Temasys, will discuss the concrete, cool, examples of IoT already happening today, and how mixing all those different sources of visual and audio input can make your life happier ...
The Internet of Things is not new. Historically, smart businesses have used its basic concept of leveraging data to drive better decision making and have capitalized on those insights to realize additional revenue opportunities. So, what has changed to make the Internet of Things one of the hottest topics in tech? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Gray, Director, Embedded and Internet of Things, discussed the underlying factors that are driving the economics of intelligent systems. Discover how hardware commoditization, the ubiquitous nature of connectivity, and the emergence of Big Data a...
SYS-CON Events announced today the IoT Bootcamp – Jumpstart Your IoT Strategy, being held June 9–10, 2015, in conjunction with 16th Cloud Expo and Internet of @ThingsExpo at the Javits Center in New York City. This is your chance to jumpstart your IoT strategy. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but includes hands-on demos and walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of Do-It-Yourself IoT platforms including Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark and Intel Edison. You will also get an overview of cloud technologies s...
SYS-CON Media announced today that @WebRTCSummit Blog, the largest WebRTC resource in the world, has been launched. @WebRTCSummit Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @WebRTCSummit Blog can be bookmarked ▸ Here @WebRTCSummit conference site can be bookmarked ▸ Here
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.
The WebRTC Summit 2015 New York, to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, announces that its Call for Papers is open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 16th International Cloud Expo, @ThingsExpo, Big Data Expo, and DevOps Summit.