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Thoughts on the Post-Quantum Computing Era | @ExpoDX #ArtificialIntelligence #DeepLearning #Quantum

Google may be just weeks from announcing they reached the quantum supremacy milestone and IBM may not be far behind

With IBM, Google, and Microsoft pouring funding into the research of quantum computing, it's really starting to look like we are going to see the benefits in the next 5 - 10 years. Google may be just weeks from announcing they reached the quantum supremacy milestone and IBM may not be far behind either.  Today, I wanted to share my thoughts on how quantum computing may affect cryptography as we know it.

Effects on cryptography
When we talk about the basic cryptography used for things like TLS when you access your bank's website, the premise behind securing your data is surprisingly simple. The certificate uses a public key which is really just a large number that's the result of multiplying two prime numbers together.  This key has a size typically between 256 bits and 2048 bits. It's quite a large number.  To find the two factors via brute force, in today's classical computers, it would take a billion years to solve (give or take a year or two). In computational complexity theory, they refer to these problems as intractable.  They just can't be solved with the computers we have today.

However, once we have quantum computers, by the nature of entanglement and superposition, it can brute force all of the possibilities using an algorithm such as Shor's algorithm in a couple of minutes. Quantum Computers will ultimately break RSA encryption as we know it.  It will take a significant number of qubits though before this can happen. The largest number factored to date is 56163, far smaller than a number that is 256 digits long.  This means your bank login is safe from quantum computing for a little bit longer.

Prediction - the media will cause mass hysteria about quantum computers and cryptography
Here is what I think is going to happen. Some journalist looking for the next click-bait is going to stumble upon this following an upcoming advancement in the field of quantum computing. With half the facts the journalist, will write an article with a headline such as "Quantum Computers are breaking into your bank account right now."  This will cause other media outlets to spread the word and amplify the message and people will go into a 1999 Y2K style frenzy.  Consumers will freak out. Some will stop using the Internet for a while.

The thing is there are already smart people thinking about this and working on algorithms for Post-quantum cryptography. That doesn't mean a system for post-quantum cryptography will be available at the same time we get a quantum computer that can break RSA. We might, but I doubt it. Assuming post-quantum cryptography for the we is still certificate based, vendors will have to start creating those certificates. Then the web platforms like Apache and IIS will have to support it (not to mention the OS itself). Then the browsers will have to be updated as well. That's a lot of moving parts.

Companies will be scrambling to figure out what to do. I am predicting another gold rush for consulting firms (like Y2K) to help companies come up with a post-quantum strategy.  Keep in mind it's not just the ecommerce site we are securing.  It's the servers, the network communication, the connections to the cloud, etc.  Some new people are going to get rich off of this.

I think the hysteria will happen whether it is warranted or not. Even when we start seeing quantum computers, not everyone is going to have access to them at the scale required to break the RSA. Even with Microsoft and IBM putting quantum compute in the cloud, most people will only have access to a small number of qubits. To get enough quantum computer power, it's absolutely going to cost you.  That's not to say that some researcher with early access to quantum hardware couldn't "turn to the dark side and cause some mischief."  It sounds like the making of a science fiction film, right?

Effects on cryptocurrency
Now I am hoping the bubble of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin pops long before we reach post-quantum computing. I think it's going to be around for a while though. We may be out of Bitcoins by then but one of the other networks will rise up to take its place. I don't think a lot of thought has gone into the effects of quantum computing on cryptocurrencies yet, but I think the threat is real.  Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are based on SHA-256. New blocks of bitcoins are generated basically by brute force by trying to mine a nonce to go along with the hash value. This sounds like something a quantum computer could do quite well.  If someone were able to mine say all the remaining blocks in a cryptocurrency in a few days instead of years, that could be bad for the cryptocurrency economy.

This is all speculation of course, but I wouldn't be surprised if some we hear a story of some PHD university researcher who took off with a ton of cryptocurrency and disappeared off the grid in Fiji.  Sounds like another science fiction film, right? Maybe I need to go into screenwriting. The implications are easy to exaggerate I know.  It doesn't take much to spook and investor though. One new story goes viral, and a bubble could pop.

Conclusion
I think a lot of what happens in post-quantum computing and cryptography will happen to some degree. However, you will have to be able to discern perception and reality. Keep an eye on the state of the industry so you know what's going on. Then make smart informed decisions instead of knee-jerk reactions.

If you want to start learning more about quantum computing, check out my guide on How to start learning about Quantum Computing.

 


DXWorldEXPO LLC, the producer of the world's most influential technology conferences and trade shows has announced the conference tracks for CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO 2018 New York.

DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City.

Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DXWorldEXPO within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive over the long term.

A total of 88% of Fortune 500 companies from a generation ago are now out of business. Only 12% still survive. Similar percentages are found throughout enterprises of all sizes.

Register for Full Conference "Gold Pass" ▸ Here (Expo Hall ▸ Here)

Sponsorship Opportunities Here

Speaking Opportunities Here

Sponsorship and Speaking Inquiries: [email protected].

2018 Conference Agenda, Keynotes and 10 Conference Tracks

DXWordEXPO New York 2018 and Cloud Expo New York 2018 agenda present 222 rockstar faculty members, 200 sessions and 22 keynotes and general sessions in 10 distinct conference tracks.

  • Cloud-Native | Serverless
  • DevOpsSummit
  • FinTechEXPO - New York Blockchain Event
  • CloudEXPO - Enterprise Cloud
  • DXWorldEXPO - Digital Transformation (DX)
  • Smart Cities | IoT | IIoT
  • AI | Machine Learning | Cognitive Computing
  • BigData | Analytics
  • The API Enterprise | Mobility | Security
  • Hot Topics | FinTech | WebRTC

Register for Full Conference "Gold Pass" ▸ Here (Expo Hall ▸ Here)

DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO 2018 New York cover all of these tools, with the most comprehensive program and with 222 rockstar speakers throughout our industry presenting 22 Keynotes and General Sessions, 200 Breakout Sessions along 10 Tracks, as well as our signature Power Panels. Our Expo Floor brings together the world's leading companies throughout the world of Cloud Computing, DevOps, FinTech, Digital Transformation, and all they entail.

As your enterprise creates a vision and strategy that enables you to create your own unique, long-term success, learning about all the technologies involved is essential. Companies today not only form multi-cloud and hybrid cloud architectures, but create them with built-in cognitive capabilities.

Cloud-Native thinking is now the norm in financial services, manufacturing, telco, healthcare, transportation, energy, media, entertainment, retail and other consumer industries, as well as the public sector.

CloudEXPO is the world's most influential technology event where Cloud Computing was coined over a decade ago and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals.

FinTech Is Now Part of the DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO Program!

Financial enterprises in New York City, London, Singapore, and other world financial capitals are embracing a new generation of smart, automated FinTech that eliminates many cumbersome, slow, and expensive intermediate processes from their businesses.

Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 22nd CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO November 11-13, 2018 in New York City will find fresh new content in two new tracks called:

  • FinTechEXPO
  • New York Blockchain Event

which will incorporate FinTech and Blockchain, as well as machine learning, artificial intelligence and deep learning in these two distinct tracks.

Register for Full Conference "Gold Pass" ▸ Here (Expo Hall ▸ Here)

Sponsorship Opportunities Here

Speaking Opportunities Here

Sponsorship and Speaking Inquiries: [email protected].

FinTech brings efficiency as well as the ability to deliver new services and a much improved customer experience throughout the global financial services industry. FinTech is a natural fit with cloud computing, as new services are quickly developed, deployed, and scaled on public, private, and hybrid clouds.

More than US$20 billion in venture capital is being invested in FinTech this year. DXWorldEXPOCloudEXPO are pleased to bring you the latest FinTech developments as an integral part of our program.

DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO are accepting speaking submissions for this new track, so please visit Cloud Computing Expo for the latest information or contact us at [email protected]

Register for Full Conference "Gold Pass" ▸ Here (Expo Hall ▸ Here)

Sponsorship Opportunities Here

Speaking Opportunities Here

Sponsorship and Speaking Inquiries: [email protected].

Download Slide Deck ▸ Here

Only DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO bring together all this in a single location:

Attend DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO. Build your own custom experience. Learn about the world's latest technologies and chart your course to Digital Transformation.

22nd International DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO, taking place November 11-13, 2018, in New York City, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.

Register for Full Conference "Gold Pass" ▸ Here (Expo Hall ▸ Here)

Sponsorship Opportunities Here

Speaking Opportunities Here

Sponsorship and Speaking Inquiries: [email protected].

Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here

Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS - software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.

With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.

Every Global 2000 enterprise in the world is now integrating cloud computing in some form into its IT development and operations. Midsize and small businesses are also migrating to the cloud in increasing numbers.

Register for Full Conference "Gold Pass" ▸ Here (Expo Hall ▸ Here)

Sponsorship Opportunities Here

Speaking Opportunities Here

Sponsorship and Speaking Inquiries: [email protected].

Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here

Companies are each developing their unique mix of cloud technologies and services, forming multi-cloud and hybrid cloud architectures and deployments across all major industries. Cloud-driven thinking has become the norm in financial services, manufacturing, telco, healthcare, transportation, energy, media, entertainment, retail and other consumer industries, and the public sector.

Sponsorship Opportunities

DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO are the single show where technology buyers and vendors can meet to experience and discus cloud computing and all that it entails. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO will benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities through:

  • Featured on-site presentation and ongoing on-demand webcast exposure to a captive audience of industry decision-makers.
  • Showcase exhibition during our new extended dedicated expo hours
  • Breakout Session Priority scheduling for Sponsors that have been guaranteed a 35-minute technical session
  • Online advertising on 4,5 million article pages in SYS-CON's i-Technology Publications
  • Capitalize on our Comprehensive Marketing efforts leading up to the show with print mailings, e-newsletters and extensive online media coverage.
  • Unprecedented PR Coverage: Unmatched editorial coverage on Cloud Computing Journal.
  • Tweetup to over 100,000 plus Twitter followers
  • Press releases sent on major wire services to over 500 industry analysts.

Secrets of Our Most Popular Sponsors and Exhibitors ▸ Here

For more information on sponsorship, exhibit, and keynote opportunities, contact [email protected].

Sponsorship Opportunities Here

Download Slide Deck:Here

Speaking Opportunities

The upcoming 22nd International DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO November 11-13, 2018 in New York City, NY announces that its Call For Papers for speaking opportunities is now open.

Secrets of Our Most Popular Faculty Members ▸ Here

Submit your speaking proposal Here or by email [email protected].

Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here

About DXWorldEXPO LLC

DXWorldEXPO LLC is a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based trade show company and the creator of DXWorldEXPODigital Transformation Conference & Expo. The company produces and presents CloudEXPO, DevOpsSummitFinTechEXPO Blockchain Event, the world's most influential conferences and trade shows.

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