Welcome!

Industrial IoT Authors: Elizabeth White, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Carmen Gonzalez, William Schmarzo

Related Topics: Microservices Expo, Industrial IoT, Containers Expo Blog, @CloudExpo, Government Cloud

Microservices Expo: Blog Feed Post

StreetCred: Big Data Finds Fugitives

StreetCred Software is a Big Data solution designed by two Texas police officers

By

Traffic citations are critical for funding police departments, courts, and municipalities. Unpaid citations or missed court appearances result in warrants and additional fees, but finding or arresting fugitives and collecting unpaid fines is difficult as well as time and manpower intensive. As a result, the process often stops there. In Texas alone, there is almost $1 billion in outstanding warrants, with $300 million in Houston and $100 million in Dallas.

StreetCred Software is a Big Data solution designed by two Texas police officers, one a technology industry veteran who  later joined the force to cut down on that backlog by collecting and analyzing all available information to optimize and manage the entire warrant lifecycle. When tested over a year within a Texas police department, StreetCred helped warrant officers increase their successful contacts by more than threefold while decreasing costs per contact by nearly three quarters.

A good misdemeanor warrant officer will spend days planning routes, printing maps and photos, checking addresses, doing paperwork, and other research and preparation before he or she can actually go out and make contacts and arrests. As a result, in smaller agencies, the warrant officer will typically only spend one to two days per week in the field, during which he or she can expect to make five to seven good contacts where they speak with or confirm the address of a. Aside from a lack of basic route planning, this rate is hampered by false, misleading, or simply incorrect information as well as attempts to avoid law enforcement by fugitives. To determine which warrants are worthwhile and which are misleading, or which home or work address to check, a veteran warrant officer will consider dozens of small factors such as, available information on the fugitive’s employment, the given neighborhood, and the type of violation or crime committed. This undocumented, manual, and repetitive  process helps officers determine which warrants to pursue and how. Failures in this complex and subtle process mean missed contacts and missed opportunities.

StreetCred Software uses Big Data analysis techniques to automate these procedures and hunches. The software aggregates court, police, and law enforcement database records together with open source and other information. It alerts officers of potentially dangerous fugitives by correlating misdemeanor data with felony and violent history data from sources traditionally unavailable to warrant officers.

It compiles those records, storing them on server in the agency’s data room, and accessed by a secure connection from the standard laptop in the cruiser, so that he or she doesn’t need to assemble and carry around several boxes of papers, and analyzes that data, automating the conclusions and hunches of a good warrant officer.

StreetCred can do that because it’s built for cops by cops, and its c0-creator, David Henderson, has run a warrant department for a Texas agency, pursuing misdemeanor and felony fugitives. In his 15 years in law enforcement, David has tracked and arrested over 600 violent felony criminals including a child murderer featured on the television show America’s Most Wanted, and has worked that experience, as well as the insight of his colleagues, into StreetCred’s algorithms.

Using all of the available information, StreetCred scores the thousands or tens of thousands of warrants that it works with on a scale of 1 to 100, with the highest scores being the ones most likely to result in an easy contact or arrest. This helps the agency prioritize their warrants and not waste time with warrants that are no longer relevant, have insufficient or false information, or are otherwise unlikely to yield results. Such warrants may also be important and would then be pursued by the police department, possibly with the help of StreetCred, but are not a good choice for quickly clearing the backlog or collecting revenue. StreetCred also plots warrants on a map with their scores and whether the address is home or work to help with route optimization. Once contact has been made, StreetCred uses the information it gathers to help fill out the paperwork associated with the contact, freeing up more time. As a result, when StreetCred was implemented with a Texas law enforcement agency, it took the average number of contacts per day from 5 to 22 during the first year.

StreetCred’s interface also simplifies making contacts. All of the relevant data on a fugitive can easily be accessed through the touch-screen laptop in the officer’s cruiser, which means that it is intuitive and can be used quickly on a touch screen. Relevant information is prominently displayed in such a way that officers can reference it while driving without getting distracted, information important for officer safety such as the picture of the fugitive stays on screen, and all the buttons are large for easy access, with no information more than one click away. Agencies can also add their own information, such as overlaying crime hot spots or sex offenders on to the fugitive map.

StreetCred has been tested for a year in a small city near Dallas where it achieved impressive results. It reduced the cost-per-contact by 68%  by lowering required research time, printing costs, and vehicle operations costs, and more than doubled the clearance rate per hour worked of misdemeanor warrants.

Fugitive hunting software can be worrying due to both privacy and information security concerns, but StreetCred Software takes both into account. The algorithms never factor in race or gender when scoring warrants, and the software helps keep track of contacts and arrests to prevent abuses.  StreetCred is also less concerned with finding good warrants than throwing out bad ones. Numerous features are built in to ensure that sensitive information isn’t leaked such as extensive physical and information security measures in the infrastructure, making sure that no information leaves StreetCred without encryption, and special views on the mobile versions of the software to prevent private information from being seen by onlookers when an officer is walking around or asking neighbors if they’ve seen the person in their picture.

As with all innovative solutions, however, StreetCred raises several questions and concerns that will need to be addressed with time and wider deployment. The most obvious is that some of its initial success may simply be a result of plucking the lowest hanging fruit, the warrants just waiting to be collected. Once officers begin to work through the backlog, the more challenging warrants will remain, which may lower the success rate. Still, given current backlogs, this would be a good problem to have. Another concern is the focus on misdemeanor warrants. While this approach makes sense given tight budgets, some of these features would be valuable for felony warrants as well and could do serious good there. Fortunately, StreetCred Software Inc. intends to launch its felony warrant solution in a few months.

StreetCred is a great example of how Big Data can be leveraged for public safety. As with predictive policing, StreetCred helps officers do more and better with less time and money, which is critical now with shrinking departments and budgets. While StreetCred already handles an otherwise overwhelming amount of information, it’s working to make the data even bigger by enabling national cooperation and information sharing among law enforcement agencies. As StreetCred, which is currently deployed at a handful of agencies, continues its launch, we can look forward to more creative and necessary applications of Big Data for law enforcement, government, and public safety.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Bob Gourley

Bob Gourley writes on enterprise IT. He is a founder and partner at Cognitio Corp and publsher of CTOvision.com

@ThingsExpo Stories
@ThingsExpo has been named the ‘Top WebRTC Influencer' by iTrend. iTrend processes millions of conversations, tweets, interactions, news articles, press releases, blog posts - and extract meaning form them and analyzes mobile and desktop software platforms used to communicate, various metadata (such as geo location), and automation tools. In overall placement, @ThingsExpo ranked as the number one ‘WebRTC Influencer' followed by @DevOpsSummit at 55th.
"There's a growing demand from users for things to be faster. When you think about all the transactions or interactions users will have with your product and everything that is between those transactions and interactions - what drives us at Catchpoint Systems is the idea to measure that and to analyze it," explained Leo Vasiliou, Director of Web Performance Engineering at Catchpoint Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York Ci...
The 20th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Containers, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Linux Academy, the foremost online Linux and cloud training platform and community, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Linux Academy was founded on the belief that providing high-quality, in-depth training should be available at an affordable price. Industry leaders in quality training, provided services, and student certification passes, its goal is to c...
20th Cloud Expo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy.
In the next five to ten years, millions, if not billions of things will become smarter. This smartness goes beyond connected things in our homes like the fridge, thermostat and fancy lighting, and into heavily regulated industries including aerospace, pharmaceutical/medical devices and energy. “Smartness” will embed itself within individual products that are part of our daily lives. We will engage with smart products - learning from them, informing them, and communicating with them. Smart produc...
"What is the next step in the evolution of IoT systems? The answer is data, information, which is a radical shift from assets, from things to input for decision making," stated Michael Minkevich, VP of Technology Services at Luxoft, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions with...
WebRTC sits at the intersection between VoIP and the Web. As such, it poses some interesting challenges for those developing services on top of it, but also for those who need to test and monitor these services. In his session at WebRTC Summit, Tsahi Levent-Levi, co-founder of testRTC, reviewed the various challenges posed by WebRTC when it comes to testing and monitoring and on ways to overcome them.
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, discussed the best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
Every successful software product evolves from an idea to an enterprise system. Notably, the same way is passed by the product owner's company. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Oleg Lola, CEO of MobiDev, will provide a generalized overview of the evolution of a software product, the product owner, the needs that arise at various stages of this process, and the value brought by a software development partner to the product owner as a response to these needs.
In 2014, Amazon announced a new form of compute called Lambda. We didn't know it at the time, but this represented a fundamental shift in what we expect from cloud computing. Now, all of the major cloud computing vendors want to take part in this disruptive technology. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, John Jelinek IV, a web developer at Linux Academy, will discuss why major players like AWS, Microsoft Azure, IBM Bluemix, and Google Cloud Platform are all trying to sidestep VMs and containers...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a client-oriented software development company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software company that develops and delivers turn-key mobile apps, websites, web services, and complex softw...
The cloud market growth today is largely in public clouds. While there is a lot of spend in IT departments in virtualization, these aren’t yet translating into a true “cloud” experience within the enterprise. What is stopping the growth of the “private cloud” market? In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Nara Rajagopalan, CEO of Accelerite, explored the challenges in deploying, managing, and getting adoption for a private cloud within an enterprise. What are the key differences between wh...
"Tintri was started in 2008 with the express purpose of building a storage appliance that is ideal for virtualized environments. We support a lot of different hypervisor platforms from VMware to OpenStack to Hyper-V," explained Dan Florea, Director of Product Management at Tintri, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
The security needs of IoT environments require a strong, proven approach to maintain security, trust and privacy in their ecosystem. Assurance and protection of device identity, secure data encryption and authentication are the key security challenges organizations are trying to address when integrating IoT devices. This holds true for IoT applications in a wide range of industries, for example, healthcare, consumer devices, and manufacturing. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lancen LaChance, vic...
WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
Big Data, cloud, analytics, contextual information, wearable tech, sensors, mobility, and WebRTC: together, these advances have created a perfect storm of technologies that are disrupting and transforming classic communications models and ecosystems. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Erik Perotti, Senior Manager of New Ventures on Plantronics’ Innovation team, provided an overview of this technological shift, including associated business and consumer communications impacts, and opportunities it m...
You have great SaaS business app ideas. You want to turn your idea quickly into a functional and engaging proof of concept. You need to be able to modify it to meet customers' needs, and you need to deliver a complete and secure SaaS application. How could you achieve all the above and yet avoid unforeseen IT requirements that add unnecessary cost and complexity? You also want your app to be responsive in any device at any time. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Allen, General Manager of...