Welcome!

Industrial IoT Authors: Liz McMillan, Gopala Krishna Behara, Sridhar Chalasani, Tirumala Khandrika, William Schmarzo

Related Topics: Java IoT, Industrial IoT, Microservices Expo, IBM Cloud, Eclipse, Apache

Java IoT: Blog Feed Post

Configuring JMX in WebSphere 8.5

Historically most JMX implementations used the simple JMXMP protocol as the underlying transport

Like most application servers, WebSphere 8.5 has a rich management infrastructure based on JMX, or Java Management Extensions. In fact, the WebSphere administration console uses JMX to connect to the server to issue queries and perform administrative operations. In a previous post I showed you how to secure JBoss’ JMX connector. While there is a lot of information out there on how to connect to WebSphere via JMX, most of the examples involve either disabling SSL, or worse – disabling security globally. So let’s see how we can access WebSphere’s JMX connector remotely in a secure way. Like most things WebSphere, this could look very daunting at first, but once done, you will have a reliable and secure setup.

First, a Little Background
Historically most JMX implementations used the simple JMXMP protocol as the underlying transport. The newer versions of the the JMX Spec stipulate that each implementation should support RMI as a transport. As a result, both WebSphere and JBoss have moved away from JMXMP connectors in favor of RMI connectors for JMX. To complicate things even further, WebSphere’s version of RMI works on top of IIOP (and not JRMP as most RMI servers do). In practice, this means that any RMI client (including JMX clients) connecting to WebSphere should use some WebSphere-specific jar files on the classpath. Additionally, because RMI/IIOP uses SSL, we need to specify the correct path to the server’s keystore and trust store where the client and server SSL keys are stored.

Enabling the JMX Connector in WebSphere
For the rest of this post, we are going to assume the following:

  • WebSphere 8.5 is installed in /opt/IBM/WebSphere
  • You have created an application server node named server1, which is up and running
  • The administration console is deployed
  • You have the administrative credentials

Step 1. Log on to the Admin Console

Open a web browser, go to https://localhost:9043/ibm/console and log in with your administrative user and password:

Step 2. Navigate to the server settings:

From the menu on the left, go to Servers > Server Types > WebSphere Application Servers.

Step 3. Click on your server (default is server1) and select the Configuration tab.

Step 4. Scroll down to the Server Infrastructure section and expand Administration and select Administration Services

Step 5. Enable JSR160 RMI JMX Connector. Select JMX Connectors, then check JSR160RMIConnector and click Enable. When prompted, select Save to Master Configuration:

Step 6. Verify the IIOP Port Number Go back to the server page (see steps 2&3), but this time click on Ports (under the Communications heading). Make a note of the ORB_LISTENER_ADDRESS value (default is 9100)

Step 7. Restart the server. From the command line, go to your server profile folder, e.g.

[dkamenov@was01 bin]cd /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/bin
[dkamenov@was01 bin]sudo ./stopServer.sh server1
ADMU0116I: Tool information is being logged in file
           /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/logs/server1/stopServer.log
ADMU0128I: Starting tool with the AppSrv01 profile
ADMU3100I: Reading configuration for server: server1
ADMU3201I: Server stop request issued. Waiting for stop status.
ADMU4000I: Server server1 stop completed.

[dkamenov@was01 bin]$ sudo ./startServer.sh server1 
ADMU0116I: Tool information is being logged in file
           /opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer/profiles/AppSrv01/logs/server1/startServer.log
ADMU0128I: Starting tool with the AppSrv01 profile
ADMU3100I: Reading configuration for server: server1
ADMU3200I: Server launched. Waiting for initialization status.
ADMU3000I: Server server1 open for e-business; process id is 13397

After what seems like an eternity, your server will come up.

Step 8. Verify that the server is listening on port 9100:

[dkamenov@was01 ~]$ netstat -an | grep 9100
tcp        0      0 :::9100                     :::*                        LISTEN

Running JConsole
JConsole is the generic JMX console provided with the Java SDK. It is expected to work with any MBean server. On the other WebSphere’s MBean server exposes WebSphere-specific objects.  For this reason, we need to tweak the environment a little bit in order to make the WebSphere-specific classed known to JConsole. There are also some SSL-specific client and server keys (stored in a key store) that the JMX client needs to establish an SSL connection to the server. We will do all this (and more) with a simple shell script (be sure to change the PORT variable to match ORB_LISTENER_ADDRESS, and also to specify the correct IP address). After the script sets up the environment variables, it invokes the jconsole client bundled with the IBM JDK installed in the WebSphere directory:

#!/bin/bash

WAS_HOME=/opt/IBM/WebSphere/AppServer

# setup server-specific env variables
. $WAS_HOME/profiles/AppSrv01/bin/setupCmdLine.sh

#HOST=localhost
HOST=192.168.24.129 # Change this as needed
PORT=9100 

CLASSPATH=$JAVA_HOME/lib/jconsole.jar
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$WAS_HOME/runtimes/com.ibm.ws.admin.client_8.5.0.jar
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$WAS_HOME/runtimes/com.ibm.ws.ejb.thinclient_8.5.0.jar
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$WAS_HOME/runtimes/com.ibm.ws.orb_8.5.0.jar

$JAVA_HOME/bin/jconsole \
        -J-Djava.class.path=$CLASSPATH\
        -J$CLIENTSAS\
        -J$CLIENTSSL\
        service:jmx:iiop://$HOST:$PORT/jndi/JMXConnector

Once you run the script, JConsole should open and connect to the server. Enter your administrator credentials when prompted:

Feel free to explore the properties and administrative operations provided by the server:

In a future post, we will take things a step further by using the Monitis JMX monitor to gather metrics from WebSphere and upload them to your Monitis account. Until then, happy monitoring!

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Hovhannes Avoyan

Hovhannes Avoyan is the CEO of PicsArt, Inc.,

@ThingsExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that Evatronix will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Evatronix SA offers comprehensive solutions in the design and implementation of electronic systems, in CAD / CAM deployment, and also is a designer and manufacturer of advanced 3D scanners for professional applications.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Synametrics Technologies will exhibit at SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Synametrics Technologies is a privately held company based in Plainsboro, New Jersey that has been providing solutions for the developer community since 1997. Based on the success of its initial product offerings such as WinSQL, Xeams, SynaMan and Syncrify, Synametrics continues to create and hone inn...
To get the most out of their data, successful companies are not focusing on queries and data lakes, they are actively integrating analytics into their operations with a data-first application development approach. Real-time adjustments to improve revenues, reduce costs, or mitigate risk rely on applications that minimize latency on a variety of data sources. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Jack Norris, Senior Vice President, Data and Applications at MapR Technologies, reviewed best practices to ...
"Digital transformation - what we knew about it in the past has been redefined. Automation is going to play such a huge role in that because the culture, the technology, and the business operations are being shifted now," stated Brian Boeggeman, VP of Alliances & Partnerships at Ayehu, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"Evatronix provides design services to companies that need to integrate the IoT technology in their products but they don't necessarily have the expertise, knowledge and design team to do so," explained Adam Morawiec, VP of Business Development at Evatronix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Smart cities have the potential to change our lives at so many levels for citizens: less pollution, reduced parking obstacles, better health, education and more energy savings. Real-time data streaming and the Internet of Things (IoT) possess the power to turn this vision into a reality. However, most organizations today are building their data infrastructure to focus solely on addressing immediate business needs vs. a platform capable of quickly adapting emerging technologies to address future ...
In his Opening Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, John Considine, General Manager of IBM Cloud Infrastructure, led attendees through the exciting evolution of the cloud. He looked at this major disruption from the perspective of technology, business models, and what this means for enterprises of all sizes. John Considine is General Manager of Cloud Infrastructure Services at IBM. In that role he is responsible for leading IBM’s public cloud infrastructure including strategy, development, and offering m...
Product connectivity goes hand and hand these days with increased use of personal data. New IoT devices are becoming more personalized than ever before. In his session at 22nd Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, Nicolas Fierro, CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions, will discuss how in order to protect your data and privacy, IoT applications need to embrace Blockchain technology for a new level of product security never before seen - or needed.
The 22nd International Cloud Expo | 1st DXWorld Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, to be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, brings together Cloud Computing, Digital Transformation, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Machine Learning and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding busin...
Digital Transformation (DX) is not a "one-size-fits all" strategy. Each organization needs to develop its own unique, long-term DX plan. It must do so by realizing that we now live in a data-driven age, and that technologies such as Cloud Computing, Big Data, the IoT, Cognitive Computing, and Blockchain are only tools. In her general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Rebecca Wanta explained how the strategy must focus on DX and include a commitment from top management to create great IT jobs, monitor ...
Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo have announced the conference tracks for Cloud Expo 2018. Cloud Expo will be held June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, and November 6-8, 2018, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation (DX) is a major focus with the introduction of DX Expo within the program. Successful transformation requires a laser focus on being data-driven and on using all the tools available that enable transformation if they plan to survive ov...
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, whic...
Recently, REAN Cloud built a digital concierge for a North Carolina hospital that had observed that most patient call button questions were repetitive. In addition, the paper-based process used to measure patient health metrics was laborious, not in real-time and sometimes error-prone. In their session at 21st Cloud Expo, Sean Finnerty, Executive Director, Practice Lead, Health Care & Life Science at REAN Cloud, and Dr. S.P.T. Krishnan, Principal Architect at REAN Cloud, discussed how they built...
Recently, WebRTC has a lot of eyes from market. The use cases of WebRTC are expanding - video chat, online education, online health care etc. Not only for human-to-human communication, but also IoT use cases such as machine to human use cases can be seen recently. One of the typical use-case is remote camera monitoring. With WebRTC, people can have interoperability and flexibility for deploying monitoring service. However, the benefit of WebRTC for IoT is not only its convenience and interopera...
With tough new regulations coming to Europe on data privacy in May 2018, Calligo will explain why in reality the effect is global and transforms how you consider critical data. EU GDPR fundamentally rewrites the rules for cloud, Big Data and IoT. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Adam Ryan, Vice President and General Manager EMEA at Calligo, examined the regulations and provided insight on how it affects technology, challenges the established rules and will usher in new levels of diligence arou...
No hype cycles or predictions of a gazillion things here. IoT is here. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, an Associate Partner of Analytics, IoT & Cybersecurity at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He also discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Raju Shreewastava, founder of Big Data Trunk, provided a fun and simple way to introduce Machine Leaning to anyone and everyone. He solved a machine learning problem and demonstrated an easy way to be able to do machine learning without even coding. Raju Shreewastava is the founder of Big Data Trunk (www.BigDataTrunk.com), a Big Data Training and consulting firm with offices in the United States. He previously led the data warehouse/business intelligence and B...
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...
22nd International Cloud Expo, taking place June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and co-located with the 1st DXWorld Expo will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud ...