Welcome!

Industrial IoT Authors: Elizabeth White, AppDynamics Blog, Pat Romanski, Scott Allen, Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

Related Topics: Cloud Security, Industrial IoT, Microservices Expo, Open Source Cloud, IoT User Interface, Agile Computing

Cloud Security: Blog Feed Post

The Stages of Identity

How people relate to their Identity data on a number of different levels

Recently I've been thinking about what happens to an identity through its life cycle and how the identity data is treated during this process.  I think you will also see that the Enterprise itself has differing methods of dealing with it as well. I am considering this to be the beginning of a framework and nomenclature that one can use for expressing how people relate to their Identity data on a number of different levels. I think we can pretty much consider this to be a "work in progress," and I would greatly appreciate feedback.

So why do we need this, anyway? I have observed that organizations, consulting groups, and other industry experts relate to Identity based information. It seems that we all have our own set of assumptions about what is supposed to happen to this information based on our roles and responsibilities and that such a framework will help to organize our thinking a little better.

First off we have what I refer to as the Pre-Identity. During this time the data that will become the identity is in its most undefined form. Data in this stage might sit in a number of different silos or systems before moving on but is mostly used by Employment and HCM systems. Typically this data has some form in that it can identify and maybe even describe an individual in terms of the Enterprise, but it does not say anything about what it can actually do.  At this stage there are no entitlements that are associated with the user. The primary relationships held by this data are mostly legal ones as this data is used to connect with government and other systems to prove data on a legal / governmental level, such as the IRS, Department of Motor Vehicles, etc.

Once we have connected the data and accepted it into the Enterprise, the Identity information moves out of Pre-Identity systems into what I refer to as Dynamic Identity. This is the phase of Identity Management that most of us work with full time.  We will analyze this data, transform, populate (and de-populate) it in our Enterprise systems. This is also the time that we will grant, modify and revoke entitlements and apply that extra "dimension" that did not exist in the Pre-Identity stage. As the relationship between people, their Enterprise Identity and their organization(s) change, so will the Dynamic Identity. Systems and Processes will constantly be changing based on the need for access based on geography, roles, titles, responsibilities and other enterprise requirements.

Happening mostly at the same time as Dynamic Identity is that of InterrogativeIdentity. This stage of Identity encompasses some of the latest trends in the field of Identity Management. As there is an increasing need to clarify, document and ultimately define what an Identity has access to and ensure that the Identity is compliant with internal enterprise rules (governance) and governmental rules (compliance) it is essential that there is a defined set of processes that enable this to occur. There are now several sets of guidance on these practices established by governments and standards bodies and a growing set of application vendors to help navigate their processes.

As another dimension of Interrogative Identity, there is the constant need by the Enterprise to understand its own data. Access to data through Enterprise Systems and linking the elements of Pre-, Dynamic and even Interrogative Identities is increasingly being managed by Business Intelligence (BI) systems.  Our understanding of how the Identity and Enterprise are connected is being enhanced as BI is extended into Identity models. This trend will only continue to grow; however its management through will need to be maintained and monitored by Dynamic and Interrogative systems to ensure that Identity and Access data is properly protected.

Finally, we must define what happens when an Identity is no longer associated with the Enterprise. The Post Identity phase is one that is often overlooked, and is the cause of many exploits and Identity Management related crises. Ensuring that there are ways to properly separate the user from the Enterprise systems while maintaining their existence for ongoing Interrogative Identity practices is required properly complete Dynamic Identity operations.

Throughout this article I have made references to "the Identity" without going into much detail.  This is done this on purpose so that there are no preconceptions as to what can be managed by this model. Any type of Enterprise object could be managed in this framework, whether it is people, groups, roles, privileges or other objects such as systems, phones and other hardware, and the relationships therein.

I have also been somewhat vague about what constitutes the Enterprise.  For far too long, the field of Identity Management has been confined to the Corporate Enterprise. However with ongoing initiatives to "Cloud" and "Service" based systems, there is a greater need to manage and monitor these relationships as one would in a Corporation or Government system. Our increasing reliance on systems such as Google, Facebook, LinkedIn, Yahoo!, etc. to store our data and provide next generation service such as Federated access makes this all the more essential.

This does not mean that non-cloud methods and repositories do not benefit from this type of organization. These relationships are just as important when considering ERP, LDAP and other "classic" Enterprise systems as I have referenced earlier in this article.  The organization of this data is still among the leading determinants in the choice of both ERP and Identity Management systems. It is my hope that in defining and expanding this framework in terms of Pre-, Dynamic, Interrogative and Post Identity stages (PDIP) that we can find a way to address all types of Identities in all possible systems.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Matthew Pollicove

Matt Pollicove is an Identity Management architect, engineer, trainer, project manager, author and blogger with experience in user account provisioning, data synchronization, virtual directory and password management solutions. As a MaXware Technical Consultant and later as a System Engineer, he worked extensively with MaXware (now SAP) software products in large customer environments. In the past Matt has worked with several leading national and international consulting firms and is currently a Sr. Principal Consultant for Commercium Technologies. He is currently the Practice Lead for SAP NetWeaver Identity Management and SailPoint IIQ.

@ThingsExpo Stories
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, will provide tips on how to be successful in large scale machine lear...
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Klein, CEO and Co-founder of Rachio, will discuss next generation communities that are using IoT to create more sustainable, intelligent communities. One example is Sterling Ranch, a 10,000 home development that – with the help of Siemens – will integrate IoT technology into the community to provide residents with energy and water savings as well as intelligent security. Everything from stop lights to sprinkler systems to building infrastructures will run ef...
Whether your IoT service is connecting cars, homes, appliances, wearable, cameras or other devices, one question hangs in the balance – how do you actually make money from this service? The ability to turn your IoT service into profit requires the ability to create a monetization strategy that is flexible, scalable and working for you in real-time. It must be a transparent, smoothly implemented strategy that all stakeholders – from customers to the board – will be able to understand and comprehe...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus inter...
You think you know what’s in your data. But do you? Most organizations are now aware of the business intelligence represented by their data. Data science stands to take this to a level you never thought of – literally. The techniques of data science, when used with the capabilities of Big Data technologies, can make connections you had not yet imagined, helping you discover new insights and ask new questions of your data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sarbjit Sarkaria, data science team lead ...
Machine Learning helps make complex systems more efficient. By applying advanced Machine Learning techniques such as Cognitive Fingerprinting, wind project operators can utilize these tools to learn from collected data, detect regular patterns, and optimize their own operations. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Stuart Gillen, Director of Business Development at SparkCognition, will discuss how research has demonstrated the value of Machine Learning in delivering next generation analytics to im...
There is an ever-growing explosion of new devices that are connected to the Internet using “cloud” solutions. This rapid growth is creating a massive new demand for efficient access to data. And it’s not just about connecting to that data anymore. This new demand is bringing new issues and challenges and it is important for companies to scale for the coming growth. And with that scaling comes the need for greater security, gathering and data analysis, storage, connectivity and, of course, the...
This is not a small hotel event. It is also not a big vendor party where politicians and entertainers are more important than real content. This is Cloud Expo, the world's longest-running conference and exhibition focused on Cloud Computing and all that it entails. If you want serious presentations and valuable insight about Cloud Computing for three straight days, then register now for Cloud Expo.
IoT device adoption is growing at staggering rates, and with it comes opportunity for developers to meet consumer demand for an ever more connected world. Wireless communication is the key part of the encompassing components of any IoT device. Wireless connectivity enhances the device utility at the expense of ease of use and deployment challenges. Since connectivity is fundamental for IoT device development, engineers must understand how to overcome the hurdles inherent in incorporating multipl...
The increasing popularity of the Internet of Things necessitates that our physical and cognitive relationship with wearable technology will change rapidly in the near future. This advent means logging has become a thing of the past. Before, it was on us to track our own data, but now that data is automatically available. What does this mean for mHealth and the "connected" body? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Lisa Calkins, CEO and co-founder of Amadeus Consulting, will discuss the impact of wea...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Stratoscale, the software company developing the next generation data center operating system, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Stratoscale is revolutionizing the data center with a zero-to-cloud-in-minutes solution. With Stratoscale’s hardware-agnostic, Software Defined Data Center (SDDC) solution to store everything, run anything and scale everywhere...
Angular 2 is a complete re-write of the popular framework AngularJS. Programming in Angular 2 is greatly simplified – now it's a component-based well-performing framework. This immersive one-day workshop at 18th Cloud Expo, led by Yakov Fain, a Java Champion and a co-founder of the IT consultancy Farata Systems and the product company SuranceBay, will provide you with everything you wanted to know about Angular 2.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Men & Mice, the leading global provider of DNS, DHCP and IP address management overlay solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. The Men & Mice Suite overlay solution is already known for its powerful application in heterogeneous operating environments, enabling enterprises to scale without fuss. Building on a solid range of diverse platform support,...
You deployed your app with the Bluemix PaaS and it's gaining some serious traction, so it's time to make some tweaks. Did you design your application in a way that it can scale in the cloud? Were you even thinking about the cloud when you built the app? If not, chances are your app is going to break. Check out this webcast to learn various techniques for designing applications that will scale successfully in Bluemix, for the confidence you need to take your apps to the next level and beyond.
We’ve worked with dozens of early adopters across numerous industries and will debunk common misperceptions, which starts with understanding that many of the connected products we’ll use over the next 5 years are already products, they’re just not yet connected. With an IoT product, time-in-market provides much more essential feedback than ever before. Innovation comes from what you do with the data that the connected product provides in order to enhance the customer experience and optimize busi...
Increasing IoT connectivity is forcing enterprises to find elegant solutions to organize and visualize all incoming data from these connected devices with re-configurable dashboard widgets to effectively allow rapid decision-making for everything from immediate actions in tactical situations to strategic analysis and reporting. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Shikhir Singh, Senior Developer Relations Manager at Sencha, will discuss how to create HTML5 dashboards that interact with IoT devic...
Artificial Intelligence has the potential to massively disrupt IoT. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, AJ Abdallat, CEO of Beyond AI, will discuss what the five main drivers are in Artificial Intelligence that could shape the future of the Internet of Things. AJ Abdallat is CEO of Beyond AI. He has over 20 years of management experience in the fields of artificial intelligence, sensors, instruments, devices and software for telecommunications, life sciences, environmental monitoring, process...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ericsson has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Ericsson is a world leader in the rapidly changing environment of communications technology – providing equipment, software and services to enable transformation through mobility. Some 40 percent of global mobile traffic runs through networks we have supplied. More than 1 billion subscribers around the world re...
Digital payments using wearable devices such as smart watches, fitness trackers, and payment wristbands are an increasing area of focus for industry participants, and consumer acceptance from early trials and deployments has encouraged some of the biggest names in technology and banking to continue their push to drive growth in this nascent market. Wearable payment systems may utilize near field communication (NFC), radio frequency identification (RFID), or quick response (QR) codes and barcodes...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Fusion, a leading provider of cloud services, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Fusion, a leading provider of integrated cloud solutions to small, medium and large businesses, is the industry's single source for the cloud. Fusion's advanced, proprietary cloud service platform enables the integration of leading edge solutions in the cloud, including cloud...